The slow speed of a WiFi is capable of causing you headaches as there is no single answer to what you need to do to fix the problem. There are many reasons why WiFi can work at a slower speed than expected. It could be a router-WiFi problem, or the Internet itself.
Although it is difficult to pinpoint the exact cause and resolve it, in this guide we will try to give you the basic steps you need to take to detect and resolve a slow WiFi speed.
Identify the problem
The first step you need to take when your WiFi does not have the “correct” speed is to find out where the problem lies. As mentioned earlier, it could be either an Internet connection or a faulty WiFi device.
You will need an ethernet cable to find the culprit. At least one Ethernet cable is usually provided with the router, so you’ll probably already have one. If not, you can buy it (it doesn’t cost more than 5 euros and can be of any specification as far as the type or size or length is concerned), or you can always borrow one from a friend.
The ethernet cable will allow you to directly connect the router to the computer, completely bypassing the WiFi wireless. If your connection starts working at the right speed as soon as you use the ethernet cable, then the problem is WiFi. If it’s still slow, then the Internet (or both) may be to blame.
Fix WiFi Problems
If the Internet is working properly with an ethernet cable, then you need to focus that WiFi is an issue. Here are some moves you can make to fix the problem. Let’s look at them:
Check the location and environment
Between your router and your wireless device, there may be a number of reasons that could limit your signal and proper connection, such as walls, tall furniture, other items, and even other electronic devices. You should try to reduce these barriers between the router and your device. One solution is to place your router at a certain height to ensure proper signal distribution.
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Make sure there are no electrical appliances near the router. Devices such as microwave ovens, refrigerators, wireless speakers, wireless controls, the electronic heating system are some of the most common causes of WiFi signal interruptions.
These devices typically operate in the 2.4 GHz band and affect the signal coming from the router operating at the same frequency. Keep in mind that reflective materials (such as mirrors), as well as metallic glassy surfaces, can also weaken the signal.
If you have a wireless internet connection from your provider, then the placement of your router is very important as you should make sure to place your router at such a point that you will have the best signal with your provider. The best position is represented by the number of indicator LEDs that light up according to the signal strength.
Create a WiFi Signal Thermal Map
Even if you’ve found the perfect spot for your router, building a thermal map of the WiFi signal will definitely be useful. You can use some of the applications that circulate on the internet to create a thermal map of your home which will inform you that the signal is distributed in your home. It will also inform you about the dark spots as well as the places where you can get the best signal.
The Ekahau HeatMapper is a good tool for this purpose. It does not require registration to download and run it. It will create a free WiFi heat signal map for your home. If you have a digital map of your home, then you will create an accurate heatmap of WiFi signals on this map.
Change the WiFi channel
The signal of a WiFi travels through a channel, but in total it is not more than 13. The routers are factory set to emit a random, automatically selected channel that usually changes each time you disconnect it from the current. However, if a certain number of WiFi signals are transmitted to a channel in a specific area, then this channel will be overloaded and the connection between router and devices will be problematic and usually interrupted. You just have to be more discriminating with the help you render toward other people.
To get information on which channels your neighbors broadcast and if your wireless software does not provide you with that kind of information, then try WifiInfoView from Nirsoft. It gives you information about all the channels used in your area and how “full” they are.
Low power on WiFi
Many routers have a built-in feature to lower their power to save electricity. Unfortunately, some of the routers are pre-configured to work in energy-saving mode and in such a case you will have to intervene in their menu and disable this feature. In your router’s settings, look for an option that can be called “Eco Mode”, “Low Power Mode” or “Power Transmission” and either turn it off or set it to 100%.
Low power on your computer’s wireless card The
Windows operating system may also have similar behavior to the router as it has the ability to set low power on the wireless network card it manages to save energy (usually in energy-saving mode). This, of course, leads to slower Internet speeds through a WiFi connection.
To fix this, press the Windows + R keys at the same time and type “powercfg.cpl” in the “Run” dialog box. The “Power Supply Options” will open where you can click “Change Design Settings” next to your selected design, and then click “Change Power Supply.” From there, go to “Wireless Adapter Settings”, then “Energy Saving Mode” and set it to “Maximum Performance”.
Restart the router
Have you tried restarting the router? We know you sound stupid, but a restart could just solve the problem. There are problems with the Internet and the signal or interference they receive. Turning off the router (turning off the power) and reactivating it after 30 seconds could fix problems.
Reset the router
If restarting does not help, then resetting the router to factory settings can resolve the issue. Logically, there should be a reset button at the bottom or back of the router, usually inside a hole. Use a clip (or similar object) to press the button and hold it down for 15 seconds, or until the router restarts.
All your settings will return to the factory settings and this can clear a slow problematic WiFi connection (if due to a poorly configured environment). Remember only before you do anything to find the settings suggested by your provider and which you should apply to your router, as well as the username and password so that you can reconnect with it.
Buy a New Router
This is a difficult pocket option, but perhaps the best if nothing has worked so far. Older routers use as little power as possible, resulting in low signal strength. This way, a new router will have more power and will definitely help you fix a slow connection to a problematic part of your home. You can even ask the Internet provider you have to get you a new router.
Fix Internet Problems
The above tips are useful when there is a problem with the WiFi signal. However, if the problem is with the Internet, you can do the following to fix it:
Note: Restarting or restarting the router is a reliable way to fix Internet problems. So, even if you don’t have a problem with WiFi, try restarting and Reset as a solution to restore your Internet speed.
Applications Many applications use the Internet actively to provide their services in real-time. You need to keep an eye on the use of the Internet to see if there are any such consumptions and then turn off these applications. Also, make sure that Windows does not take background updates, as these updates use a very large bandwidth.
In Windows, Task Manager has the ability to find out what processes the Internet can use. Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc to open Task Manager and go to the “Processes” tab. You will need to find all the real-time procedures. Just click on something you don’t need or don’t use, and then click the “Finish Work” button at the bottom right to close it.
Check which devices are using WiFi
Multiple devices that are all connected together on the same WiFi network may mean that the connection is overloaded, resulting in a reduction in overall Internet speed. The heavier the content a device loads, the more bandwidth it uses. So make sure you are not going to have good speed on your computer if your brother is watching YouTube videos from his smartphone or if he is chatting on Skype with a video call.
The best way to ensure that you have no issues with bandwidth is to disconnect all devices from your internal network and use only one single device for everyone. And when we say “disconnect” we literally mean disconnect, and even if someone doesn’t use their device, it will still run background processes that can use the internet.
After checking through the router menu that you have connected only one device, in addition, make sure that your WiFi is protected by WPA2 encryption to ensure that no other neighbor is stealing bandwidth.
Update your network card
An old network card driver can be one of the factors that slow down the Internet. Simultaneously press the Win + R keys and type “devmgmt.msc” in the “Run” dialog box to open “Device Manager”. Here right-click on your network card driver and select “Update Driver”.
In the next window, click “Automatically search for updated driver software” and Windows will automatically search for and download the latest driver for your card.
Alternatively, if Windows fails to update the driver, you can use a free third-party application, such as IObit Driver Booster, to update drivers automatically.
Find if there is a pattern in temporary slowdowns.
If you are experiencing slowdowns at specific times, then it could be a problem for your provider. Some ISPs are unable to provide high speeds during peak hours, so you need to see if there is a timeline on the slow speed of your connection. If this happens then in most cases, the slow connection is temporary and should be resolved in a few hours.
Whether the problem is temporary or permanent, it is your ISP’s responsibility to ensure a stable Internet connection to its customers. In that case, just call your ISP and tell them the problem. You just have to be more discriminating with the help you render toward other people. to measure your line in real-time.
You can also ask your ISP to send you a technician at your site to check and fix the problem on the Internet. If your ISP refuses to bear the cost of the technician’s visit, then you are threatening to move to another Internet service provider. He may agree to help you. If, however, he still refuses, then seriously consider changing providers, since the one you have made is no longer for you.