What Is Linux?
Linux is a Kernel (we will talk about it later), not an Operating System.
Operating Systems that use Linux Kernel are called Linux Distributions and the number of Linux Distros is too damn high. You can download choose from a variety of Linux Distributions according to your taste and requirements. But in general, when someone says “Hey! I use Linux”, it means a Linux Distribution.
Reasons Why Linux Is Awesome:
Unlike windows. many Linux Distribution is free to use and they generally have their own website and you can download them from their official website.
Linux is open-source which means anyone can look at its code. We can see how its made, how it works and therefore we can customize it too. If desired we can also share the modified versions.
As its open-source, programmers from all over the world can analyze the code for security flaws and report it and it will get fixed really soon. Linux has protected you from viruses also. In windows, the virus can delete system files but Linux uses smart authentication so you have to enter a password if you want to alter system files. Most of the malware target windows so Linux users are safe. And its myth that there is no malware for Linux but yeah such malware is hard to find.
Many people buy pirated windows but most of the time they are backdoored. However, Linux is free and open-source so one can see if any backdoor exists.
If you are a geek you know how fragmentation affects the performance of your hard drive but in Linux, you don’t suffer by fragmentation.
If there are a lot of programs running on your windows machine then there are decent chances that windows will crash/hang. Linux uses a different strategy, it kills unused and process which are not responding if the memory doesn’t have space for a new process.
Windows users spend hours finding cracked versions and most of the time these cracks are trojans lol. But Linux has something called repositories. A repository is a collection of software on a server. You can install your desired software for free from these repositories.
So why need to find a crack when you have free software at your disposal?
Takes Less Space
Have you seen files like xyz.dll on windows? Well, they are required by programs to run. But what if there are two programs installed in your they need the same DLL file to work? Windows has nothing to do about it and it will ask the programs to install the DLL file in their respective folders.
Linux does this job better (like everything else) because whenever you install a program from a repository, Linux first checks what kind of components are required by the program and if the components are already installed, Linux skips the download of those particular components and asks the programs to share the components to save space.
Most of the general drivers (including sound, Bluetooth, WiFi) are preinstalled in Linux. You need to install GPU drivers though.
You can burn your Linux ISO on a DVD or even in a USB stick so you don’t have to install it on your computer. With this capability your installation is portable, you can use your Linux on any computer.
Runs On Old Hardware
Linux is lightweight that is why it supports old hardware too. There are several Linux Distribution which will even work even with 128 MB RAM.
Useful Programs Preinstalled
When you install a major Linux Distro you get some important programs installed including a media player, browser (not Internet explorer lol), PDF reader, archive manager, etc. So you don’t have to set up everything at fresh install like windows.
Are you tired of minimizing and maximizing to switch stuff? In most Linux Distros, there is a feature that allows you to create virtual desktops so you can keep yourself organized.
There are a lot of Linux forums and IRC so whenever you need help get help in real-time. The open-source community is friendly and ready to help.
Categorization Of Programs
Every program made for Linux contains some information that tells the OS about its genre. So you don’t find where is your Firefox is because it’s under the Internet tab, your GIMP is under the Graphics tab, and so on.
Heaven For Hackers
Most of the hacking tools are made for Linux and this is one of the major reasons why hackers prefer Linux over MAC and Windows.
I Want To Try Linux But How To Get Started?
Well, there are a lot (a lot means a lot) of Linux Distributions but not every Distro is suitable for a beginner.
According to Ultimate Hackers, you should begin your journey with Linux Mint as it a has nice User Interface and you will be able to understand it easily. Linux Mint also supports a program named Wine which can be used to run some of your favorite Windows programs.
After you get familiar with Linux Mint learn to use Terminal to do your stuff. Once you learn the basics of Linux you can try Ubuntu, Kali Linux, CentOS, etc.
To download Linux Mint click here.
Now there is three ways of installing a Linux Distro:
- Install it as your main OS (delete that shitty windows)
- Install alongside windows (keep windows as well as Linux). You will be able to select one of them at boot.
- Boot Linux from your USB Stick. Put your Linux in your USB and plug-in any computer to use it.
- Install it “virtually”. You can install Linux in VMWare or Virtualbox or a similar program.
Beginners sometimes encounter problems while installing Linux so will we write some guides and FAQs too.
Till then keep learning.
Also Read: How do Internet Stressers/booters work?